He used many literary devices including alliteration, assonance, and onomatopoeia.
The raven, it can be argued, is possibly a figment of the imagination of the narrator, obviously distraught over the death of Lenore. Poe knows the effects that death causes because his mother died for unknown reasons when he was a child.
He thinks occasionally of Lenore but is generally able to control his emotions, although the effort required to do so tires him and makes his words equally slow and outwardly pacified.
Here is the analysis of some of the poetic devices used in this poem. Buy Study Guide Summary: The unnamed narrator is wearily perusing an old book one bleak December night when he hears a tapping at the door to his room. They had three children: Henry, Edgar, and Rosalie.
However, hope and memories can defeat death. The narrator believes that there is no cure to heal his wound, and it seems like he does not possess the strength to recover.