A study of the history of criminal justice

He was paid by the county through a system of fees.

criminal justice history journal

Five major models of quantitative historical research have been developed: 1 the evolutionary perfectability scheme, 2 the modernization hypothesis, 3 the urbanization thesis, 4 the industrialization thesis, and 5 the community to society thesis.

However, the highest rates of crime occurred in wealthy areas that were physically closest to poorer regions, suggesting that poor individuals would go to wealthier areas to commit crimes.

The two schools of thought formed what is considered the discipline of modern criminology. Just as in the interrogation, there was no defense attorney present at the trial and the proceedings moved quickly as each witness testified against the defendant.

Colonial courts[ edit ] Although the colonial courts did closely mimic the proceedings of the courts of England, they were much simpler and more informal.

Learn More. Through the method of shaming, the criminal justice system meant more to teach a lesson than simply punish the offender.

In addition, historical data sources are often inconsistent, and there is considerable inconsistency within some sources. Whipping was the most commonly used form of punishment, especially in the south with slaves. However, at that current time there were few trained lawyers to begin with and most defendants could not afford one.

They were expected to learn good work ethic during their stay. Every person was valuable for their working ability, and losing even one worker to lawkeeping was neither reasonable nor an efficient use of resources.

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NCJRS Abstract