An analysis of the theme of kleos in the iliad by homer

Achilles follows his personal feelings without regard for the consequences on the community at large; Hektor sees his actions within the context of the overall community.

An analysis of the theme of kleos in the iliad by homer

Both of these characters portray great strength and heroism as warriors in different ways. How often theme appears:. These two characters have opposing personalities and fewer similarities. This means that a different light is shed on the individual glory and return of these characters when they appear in each story. Odysseus avoids both of these woeful fates by continuing his journey home against every trouble. Achilles will meet an early end as well, although not within the pages of The Iliad. The individual hero fights for his own reasons that others may not understand. Interestingly, the first great hero of Western Literature is also the first modern hero of Western Literature. An epic poem set in the final year of the historically groundbreaking Trojan War, the Iliad asks and answers many questions concerning the nature of the men that fight in war. In contrast, Achilles has only Briseis, a prize of war. He tends to represent passion and emotion. Achilles embodies the individual, alienated from his society, operating within the framework of his own code of pride and honor.

This brings up themes of honor in life, glory in death, and the roles of enemies. Odysseus avoids death at all costs because his nostos is most important to him, but he still gains great kleos from living through all his deeds.

Themes in the iliad and odyssey

Eris, however, like the evil witch in fairy tales, attends anyway and tosses out the golden apple marked, "For the Fairest. The Iliad focuses on two main characters, Achilles and Hector. In the Iliad, Homer tells the story of two warriors, Achilleus and Hektor, both of whom exhibit many of the qualities of a Greek hero Military Glory over Family Life A theme in The Iliad closely related to the glory of war is the predominance of military glory over family. His parents, the goddess Thetis and the mortal Peleus, invite all the gods to their wedding except Eris strife. Similarly, Paris is a handsome man and a good lover, but because he hangs back from battle he is largely the object of scorn, and is portrayed as a ridiculous figure throughout the poem. He knows that glory and eternal fame can be his only through early death in war while long life can be secured only by giving up the ultimate glory a Greek seeks. It is not merely the mortals who respect xenia and the implications it creates, but the Gods provide and honor the sanctity of guest courtesy in Greek culture as well Interestingly, the first great hero of Western Literature is also the first modern hero of Western Literature. The mans honor was paramount and required men to protect it at all cost. In ancient Greece, heroes were people who demonstrated great feats of strength and tremendous courage in battle. The gravity of the decisions that Hector and Achilles make is emphasized by the fact that each knows his fate ahead of time. He is not invincible, as his battle with Aias shows. Agamemnon has much more in common with the king of Ithaca, but the differences serve to teach important lessons to the wandering hero. Book VI is justly famous for its presentation of Hektor with those close to him — his mother, Hekuba; his wife, Andromache; and his son, Astyanax.

In battle he is superhuman with no care for his own safety. In the face of these horrors, even the mightiest warriors occasionally experience fear, and the poet tells us that both armies regret that the war ever began.

War in the iliad

In examining the issue, the Ancient Greeks, came to the conclusion that there are two spheres of immortality: that which is reserved for the Gods and that which can be attained by mere mortals. Ultimately, the humans in The Iliad have certain attributes that provide reason for their behavior, while the gods flow with this, allowing humans freely make their own choices Perhaps those values inhere that most crafty warrior, Odysseus, who has a more perfect blending of individual skill and human emotion. Achilles, the estranged loner, lies outside the reader's comprehension. The hero of the Odyssey lacks the hunger for glory that destroyed Achilles and maintains the cleverness that Agamemnon lacked in his fatal return. However, war, nature, personality — everything — contained elements of strife that may not be completely reconcilable. Achilles battles Hektor After the war, Agamemnon sails home a hero, but we also learn in the Odyssey that he is murdered at the hands of his wife, Clytemnestra, and her lover, Aegisthus. Achilles withdraws from battle because of Briseis, but only because he feels cheated of booty. An epic poem set in the final year of the historically groundbreaking Trojan War, the Iliad asks and answers many questions concerning the nature of the men that fight in war. Agamemnon has much more in common with the king of Ithaca, but the differences serve to teach important lessons to the wandering hero. For an ancient Greek man, the ability to perform in battle is the single greatest source of worthiness. In the end, this contrast between Hektor and Achilles shows the contrast between the values of the individual and the values of society.

The incident that provoked Achilles rage took place in the tenth and final year of the Achaean attack on Troy In examining the issue, the Ancient Greeks, came to the conclusion that there are two spheres of immortality: that which is reserved for the Gods and that which can be attained by mere mortals.

The Gods Themes and Colors LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Iliad, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work.

theme of authority in iliad
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SparkNotes: The Iliad: Themes