The working class cannot make a successful socialist revolution and hold power without its own revolutionary party. There was no sign of democracy.
Though each could be criticized or praised for various different policies, these three leaders were perhaps undeniably the most influential leaders of Russia's history in the last hundred years. Interestingly, Pirani argues that even more democratic choices were unlikely to have greatly altered the course of history.
Policies Rather than indulging in mere speculation over whether Lenin would have approved of the policies implemented under Stalin, it is of more use to understand the policies of the two whilst they were both alive and in the party.
Conclusion By use of historical record, we can be certain that Lenin was different in many ways to Stalin. Vladimir Lenin's influence on Russia started with the release of his book….
Farber and Pirani are mainly concerned with the latter. It would be impossible for us imagine a scenario where Stalin would invite his greatest opponent, Trotsky, to the Central Committee.
Rather, there is a wealth of evidence to say that Lenin and Stalin were far more at odds with each other than is popularly recognised. Of course the party contained more than a few rotten bureaucrats. We are still alone and in a backward country. In my view, the continuity thesis is a Cold War relic with little relevance today, not least because the differences between the regimes before and after are abundantly clear.