Nutrition food security
Household food insecurity is associated with indicators of child undernutrition in most of the countries. In fact, evidence indicates that in countries that have greater levels of inequality, economic slowdowns and downturns have a disproportionately negative effect on food and nutrition security.
It refers to a period of economic contraction or negative economic growth as measured by the growth rate in real GDP. This calls for a profound transformation of food systems to provide sustainably-produced healthy diets for a growing world population.
Food security fao
Economic growth, although necessary, may not be sufficient to ensure poverty reduction, food security and nutrition. Ultimately, this kind of transformation will only materialize if policies effectively strengthen the economic resilience of countries to safeguard food security and nutrition at those times when the economy slows or contracts. Nexus between economic growth, poverty, and food security and nutrition: the role of inequality Poverty and socio-economic inequalities also matter Economic slowdowns and downturns generate a number of direct and indirect impacts that flow through different transmission channels and challenge food security and nutrition. This report calls for action on two fronts: the first, safeguarding food security and nutrition through economic and social policies that help counteract the effects of economic slowdowns or downturns, including guaranteeing funding of social safety nets and ensuring universal access to health and education; and, the second, tackling existing inequalities at all levels through multisectoral policies that make it possible to more sustainably escape from food insecurity and malnutrition. National Accounts — Analysis of Main Aggregates. It will require tackling existing inequalities at all levels, through multisectoral policies that keep these inequalities as the central focus. Out of a total of low- and middle-income countries studied for the period —, countries are classified according to three types of high commodity dependence, whereas the remaining 32 are low commodity dependent. The impact of economic slowdowns and downturns on food security and nutrition cannot be separated from the root causes of hunger and malnutrition: poverty, inequality and marginalization.
A greater focus on overweight and obesity, including child overweight and adult obesity, is needed to better understand the different dimensions of these nutrition challenges. International commodity price shocks and volatility can create harmful impacts for food security and nutrition in all combinations of high commodity dependence.
Where export crops are grown by smallholder producers, the impacts can be more widely spread. Countries from these regions are commodity-export-dependent as they derive the bulk of their export earnings from primary commodities.
As national economies grow, people facing difficulties in accessing food, as captured by an experience-based indicator of food insecutiy, have a higher risk of obesity.
Results of an analysis of micro-level data obtained from nationally representative surveys reveal that living in a household classified as food insecure contributes to explain the status of being affected by one or another form of malnutrition in seven of the eight countries studied.
Economic slowdowns and downturns often lead to a rise in unemployment and decline in wages and incomes, challenging access to food and essential social services for the poor.
Food security in india 2018
The impacts can be felt particularly hard in agriculture, both because of what happens within the sector and because of urban-rural linkages. In the short term, countries need to protect incomes so as to counteract economic adversity. In upper-middle- and high-income countries, food insecurity increases the likelihood of being overweight or obese in some age groups. Ultimately the analysis points to policies and programmes that can protect the most vulnerable from the impact of economic slowdowns and downturns, while fostering food security and nutrition from a perspective of more inclusive economic growth. Similarly, reduced education expenditure means less investment in school infrastructure relevant to health, such as for safe water and sanitation, which affects the risk of infectious disease, such as diarrhoea, that can exacerbate or be exacerbated by undernutrition. Results of the first analysis of country-level indicators show that, if one focuses attention on countries of similar levels of undernourishment and poverty, obesity rates are higher in those countries where moderate food insecurity is also higher. An economic slowdown is when economic activity is growing at a slower pace. Gross domestic product: Total and per capita, growth rates, annual. It is critical to strengthen savings capacity when the economy is growing, using available instruments automatic fiscal stabilizers, stabilization funds, sovereign wealth funds, macro-prudential norms, and the like , so as to make countercyclical policies feasible. Household food insecurity is associated with indicators of child undernutrition in most of the countries. Among other highlights, this edition finds that: More than million people in the world were still hungry in , underscoring the immense challenge of achieving the Zero Hunger target by
based on 71 review