The significance of psychological defences
Identification defense mechanism
However, the remaining energy driving such aggression may prove to be more difficult contain, and may manifest in other forms, known as passive aggression. Denial is an outright refusal to admit or recognize that something has occurred or is currently occurring. At her trial, she was acquitted because she was a victim suffering from Stockholm Syndrome. For instance, when a person has sexual impulses they would like not to act upon, they may instead focus on rigorous exercise. A person may also suppress feelings of love or dislike towards a person, behaving normally towards them as though they felt dispassionate towards them. However, you can learn a good deal about yourself when you examine how you react to hard times. New introductory lectures on psychoanalysis. Nor do these anxieties stem from the same sources. Teenagers may giggle uncontrollably when introduced into a social situation involving the opposite sex.
Identification with the Aggressor Identification with the aggressor is a defense mechanism proposed by Sandor Ferenczi and later developed by Anna Freud. Rationalization not only prevents anxiety, it may also protect self-esteem and self-concept.
Further remarks on the neuro-psychoses of defence. Passive Aggression Displays of aggression are considered unsociable and undesirable in many societies, so when aggressive or violent impulses are experienced, people tend to avoid them as much as possible.
Accepting that it is irrational or socially unacceptable to demonstrate such feelings, the psyche prevents them from being converted into actions.
Compensation Compensation is a process of psychologically counterbalancing perceived weaknesses by emphasizing strength in other arenas.
Although avoidance can provide an escape from a particular event, it neglects to deal with the cause of the anxiety.
The man is redirecting his anger from his boss to his dog or wife.
Repression There is a fine line between denial and repression when it comes to defense mechanisms. The life and case study of Anna O: how Sigmund Freud was influenced by one woman's experiences. In the case of Little Hans, Freud believed that the boy had displaced a fear of his father onto horses, whose blinkers and facial features reminded him of his parent.
For many of us, any situation that brings uncertainty triggers an unconscious protective measure that allows us to cope with unpleasant emotions.
Defense mechanisms psychology definition
A person may introject religious ideas that they have heard at church, or political opinions that friends espouse. By internalising the behavior of the aggressor the 'victim' hopes to avoid abuse, as the aggressor may begin to feel an emotional connection with the victim which leads to feelings of empathy. Social Comparison When people feel that they have been victims of unjust actions, they may defend the ego by comparing themselves to those worse off. Contemporary clinical psychology, 3rd edition. This often involves standing back from the situation and attempting to take a cold, neutral view of it. Fantasy: Avoiding reality by retreating to a safe place within one's mind. Refocusing such unacceptable or harmful impulses into productive use helps a person channel energy that otherwise would be lost or used in a manner that might cause the person more anxiety. Also, fixation during the anal stage may cause a person to sublimate their desire to handle faeces with an enjoyment of pottery.
Humor, when used as a defense mechanism, is the channeling of unacceptable impulses or thoughts into a light-hearted story or joke.
Examples include: denial, fantasy, rationalization, regression, isolation, projection, and displacement.
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